IPsec Over MPLS典型配置

关键词:
功能需求

一、 组网需求:

某客户组网如下图所示,客户两个局点之间是MPLS网络,客户希望在CE之间再增加一层IPsec隧道保护内部流量。

组网信息及描述

二、 组网图:

1

如图,PE1—PE2之间跑MPLS网络,客户还希望在CE1CE2之间跑IPsec隧道加密报文

配置步骤

三、配置步骤:

首先在各个路由器接口正确的配置IP,并且配置路由协议,使得各个网段可以互达。

PE1PPE2Loopback接口分别为1.1.1.12.2.2.23.3.3.3

然后在PE1PPE2之间开启ospfMPLS功能:

PE1

#

ip vpn-instance 1  //配置VPN信息

 route-distinguisher 1:1  //RD1:1

 vpn-target 1:1 import-extcommunity  //RT也是1:1

 vpn-target 1:1 export-extcommunity

#

ospf 1  //配置ospf发布公网路由

 area 0.0.0.0

  network 10.1.2.0 0.0.0.255

  network 1.1.1.1 0.0.0.0

#

 mpls lsr-id 1.1.1.1  //配置mpls lsr-id

#

mpls ldp  //全局开启mpls ldp

#

interface LoopBack0

 ip address 1.1.1.1 255.255.255.255

#

interface GigabitEthernet0/0

 port link-mode route

 combo enable copper

 ip binding vpn-instance 1  //连接CE的接口绑定VPN 1

 ip address 10.1.1.2 255.255.255.0

#

interface GigabitEthernet0/1

 port link-mode route

 combo enable copper

 ip address 10.1.2.2 255.255.255.0

 ospf network-type p2p

 mpls enable  //连接P设备接口启用mplsmpls ldp

 mpls ldp enable

#

bgp 100  //配置bgp

 peer 3.3.3.3 as-number 100

 peer 3.3.3.3 connect-interface LoopBack0

 #

 address-family vpnv4

  peer 3.3.3.3 enable

 #

 ip vpn-instance 1

  #

  address-family ipv4 unicast

   import-route direct  //引入直连

#

P

#

ospf 1

 area 0.0.0.0

  network 10.1.2.0 0.0.0.255

  network 10.1.3.0 0.0.0.255

  network 2.2.2.2 0.0.0.0

#

 mpls lsr-id 2.2.2.2

#

mpls ldp

#

interface LoopBack0

 ip address 2.2.2.2 255.255.255.255

#

interface GigabitEthernet0/0

 port link-mode route

 combo enable copper

 ip address 10.1.2.1 255.255.255.0

 ospf network-type p2p

 mpls enable

 mpls ldp enable

#

interface GigabitEthernet0/1

 port link-mode route

 combo enable copper

 ip address 10.1.3.1 255.255.255.0

 ospf network-type p2p

 mpls enable

 mpls ldp enable

#

PE2

#

ip vpn-instance 1

 route-distinguisher 1:1

 vpn-target 1:1 import-extcommunity

 vpn-target 1:1 export-extcommunity

#

ospf 1

 area 0.0.0.0

  network 10.1.3.0 0.0.0.255

  network 3.3.3.3 0.0.0.0

#

 mpls lsr-id 3.3.3.3

#             

mpls ldp

#

interface LoopBack0

 ip address 3.3.3.3 255.255.255.255

#

interface GigabitEthernet0/0

 port link-mode route

 combo enable copper

 ip address 10.1.3.2 255.255.255.0

 ospf network-type p2p

 mpls enable

 mpls ldp enable

#             

interface GigabitEthernet0/1

 port link-mode route

 combo enable copper

 ip binding vpn-instance 1

 ip address 10.1.4.2 255.255.255.0

#

bgp 100

 peer 1.1.1.1 as-number 100

 peer 1.1.1.1 connect-interface LoopBack0

 #

 address-family vpnv4

  peer 1.1.1.1 enable

 #

 ip vpn-instance 1

  #

  address-family ipv4 unicast

   import-route direct

#

CE1

#

acl advanced 3000

 rule 0 permit ip source 10.1.1.0 0.0.0.255 destination 10.1.4.0 0.0.0.255

#

ipsec transform-set 1

 esp encryption-algorithm des-cbc

 esp authentication-algorithm md5

#

ike profile 1

 keychain 1

 match remote identity address 10.1.4.1 255.255.255.255

#

ike keychain 1

 pre-shared-key address 10.1.4.1 255.255.255.255 key cipher $c$3$i9oITggPMsgflovTP3MRJUch3PZkFkIH/w==

#

#

ipsec policy 1 1 isakmp

 transform-set 1

 security acl 3000

 remote-address 10.1.4.1

 ike-profile 1

#

interface GigabitEthernet0/0

 port link-mode route

 combo enable copper

 ip address 10.1.1.1 255.255.255.0

 ipsec apply policy 1

#

ip route-static 0.0.0.0 0 10.1.1.2

#

CE2

#

acl advanced 3000

 rule 0 permit ip source 10.1.4.0 0.0.0.255 destination 10.1.1.0 0.0.0.255

#

ipsec transform-set 1

 esp encryption-algorithm des-cbc

 esp authentication-algorithm md5

#

ike profile 1

 keychain 1

 match remote identity address 10.1.1.1 255.255.255.255

#

ike keychain 1

 pre-shared-key address 10.1.1.1 255.255.255.255 key cipher $c$3$AhfWOkT8fhAylzfJxgUpdw9/yocdIXINZw==

#

ipsec policy 1 1 isakmp

 transform-set 1

 security acl 3000

 remote-address 10.1.1.1

 ike-profile 1

#

interface GigabitEthernet0/0

 port link-mode route

 combo enable copper

 ip address 10.1.4.1 255.255.255.0

 ipsec apply policy 1

#

 ip route-static 0.0.0.0 0 10.1.4.2

#

【在PE1上查看BGP邻居信息】

<PE1>display bgp peer vpnv4

 

 BGP local router ID: 1.1.1.1

 Local AS number: 100

 Total number of peers: 1                 Peers in established state: 1

 

  * - Dynamically created peer

  Peer                    AS  MsgRcvd  MsgSent OutQ PrefRcv Up/Down  State

 

  3.3.3.3                100       52       50    0       1 00:39:50 Established

【在PE1上查看vpnv4路由信息】

 

[PE1]display bgp routing-table vpnv4

 

 BGP local router ID is 1.1.1.1

 Status codes: * - valid, > - best, d - dampened, h - history

               s - suppressed, S - stale, i - internal, e - external

               a - additional-path

       Origin: i - IGP, e - EGP, ? - incomplete

 

 Total number of routes from all PEs: 1

 

 Route distinguisher: 1:1(1)

 Total number of routes: 3

 

     Network            NextHop         MED        LocPrf     PrefVal Path/Ogn

 

* >  10.1.1.0/24        10.1.1.2        0                     32768   ?

* >  10.1.1.2/32        127.0.0.1       0                     32768   ?

* >i 10.1.4.0/24        3.3.3.3         0          100        0       ?   //学到了对端PE2的私网路由

CE1ping CE2触发IPsec建立】

[CE1]ping -a 10.1.1.1 10.1.4.1

Ping 10.1.4.1 (10.1.4.1) from 10.1.1.1: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break

Request time out  //丢一个包,说明IPsec建立

56 bytes from 10.1.4.1: icmp_seq=1 ttl=255 time=3.000 ms

56 bytes from 10.1.4.1: icmp_seq=2 ttl=255 time=2.000 ms

56 bytes from 10.1.4.1: icmp_seq=3 ttl=255 time=3.000 ms

56 bytes from 10.1.4.1: icmp_seq=4 ttl=255 time=2.000 ms

 

--- Ping statistics for 10.1.4.1 ---

5 packet(s) transmitted, 4 packet(s) received, 20.0% packet loss

round-trip min/avg/max/std-dev = 2.000/2.500/3.000/0.500 ms

【查看ike saIPsec sa

[CE1]dis ike sa

    Connection-ID   Remote                Flag         DOI   

------------------------------------------------------------------

7               10.1.4.1              RD           IPsec 

 

[CE1]dis ipsec sa

-----------------------------

  IPsec policy: 1

  Sequence number: 1

  Mode: ISAKMP

  -----------------------------

    Tunnel id: 1

    Encapsulation mode: tunnel

    Perfect Forward Secrecy:

    Inside VPN:

    Extended Sequence Numbers enable: N

    Traffic Flow Confidentiality enable: N

    Path MTU: 1444

    Tunnel:

        local  address: 10.1.1.1

        remote address: 10.1.4.1

    Flow:

        sour addr: 10.1.1.0/255.255.255.0  port: 0  protocol: ip

        dest addr: 10.1.4.0/255.255.255.0  port: 0  protocol: ip

 

    [Inbound ESP SAs]

      SPI: 851573583 (0x32c1fb4f)

      Connection ID: 4294967298

      Transform set: ESP-ENCRYPT-DES-CBC ESP-AUTH-MD5

      SA duration (kilobytes/sec): 1843200/3600

      SA remaining duration (kilobytes/sec): 1843199/3536

      Max received sequence-number: 4

      Anti-replay check enable: Y

      Anti-replay window size: 64

      UDP encapsulation used for NAT traversal: N

      Status: Active

 

    [Outbound ESP SAs]

      SPI: 402872853 (0x18035a15)

      Connection ID: 4294967299

      Transform set: ESP-ENCRYPT-DES-CBC ESP-AUTH-MD5

      SA duration (kilobytes/sec): 1843200/3600

      SA remaining duration (kilobytes/sec): 1843199/3536

      Max sent sequence-number: 4

      UDP encapsulation used for NAT traversal: N

      Status: Active

配置关键点及注意事项

四、 配置关键点:

由于IPsec是在CE之间建立,所以中间MPLS网络可以不予考虑,只要CE1CE2的路由可达即可建立IPsec隧道

案例信息

案例类型:典型配置
案例号:201708210019
创建时间:2017年8月21日
更新时间:2017年8月21日
发布时间:2017/8/21 19:17:28
文章密级:游客可见
有效期:长期有效
发布者:马文斌 [m09860]
点击次数:2243
评论平均得分:0
关键词:ipsec,mpls
产品线:中低端路由器
产品系列:
产品版本:
技术分类:安全和可靠性(非安全产品)

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